The Climate Crisis and India
Pollution has always been one of the major concerns in India and across the globe. We, as responsible citizens should combat the increase in pollution by developing effective methods to eradicate it.
Pollution causes many adverse effects. Pollution can be due to chemical substances or energy, noise, heat, or light. The presence of substances in the atmosphere that are harmful to human life and other living creatures is known as air pollution. The air gets contaminated by harmful gases, smoke, and dust. Nearly seven million deaths worldwide are caused due to air pollution.
Air pollution causes many respiratory problems resulting in deaths. People suffering from COPD and asthma are highly vulnerable to the harmful effects of air pollutants. Air pollution increases respiratory morbidity and mortality. The famous monument, Taj Mahal has also been affected by air pollution. Airborne particles such as black carbon, brown carbon, and dust have resulted in the discoloration of the Taj Mahal. The spread of these particles is due to automobile fuels, brick making, and burning residues.
The chlorofluorocarbons and halons are released into the atmosphere. These gases cause chemical reactions and breakdown of ozone molecules and result in ozone layer depletion. Air pollution is a threat to many animal species. The extinction of 318 animal species has been due to air pollution.
According to the Air Quality Index, there are eight major pollutants. They are PM10, PM2.5, NO2, SO2, C0, 03, NH3, and Pb. The fine particulate matter PM2.5 is one of the main pollutants when it comes to discussing health issues caused due to pollution. According to WHO, high values of PM2.5 increase long term mortality risk by 15%. According to the research of IQ Air Visual, out of the world’s most polluted 30 cities, 22 are in India. The IQ Air Visual is a Swiss-based group that gathers air quality data globally and Greenpeace. The increase in factories, fuel-based transportation, deforestation, and the burning of agricultural stubble contribute to the hazardous levels of pollution in India.
Many countries are trying hard to fight air pollution. China has banned agricultural burning. It is moving towards sustainable architecture. Rather than clearing more land, it is modifying already available land. The Great Smog of London of 1952 was a severe air pollution condition. The government of London took the greatest measures to avoid the situation.
The air we breathe is getting more and more polluted day by day. Humans have started taking this problem seriously and have started working to eradicate the problem created by them.
Disclaimer: The views in this article belong purely to the author and do not necessarily reflect the position of India by Numbers (IBN) or Center For Technology And Social Change (CTSC)